A big construction tradition

Construction and architecture in Fulda

When the most northern settlement of the Christian world at that time originated in the 8th century, Fulda could look already very early at a representative, after his borders known cloister with impressive architectural magnitudes. From this monastic cell developed after typical medieval pattern organically grown, small, but significant civil town in the shade of the great Romanesque basilica. In particular the cloister architecture carried the construction of schools, a university and the horticulture significant still today in Fulda. With the counterreformation the city of Fulda became from the middle of the 17th century barockisiert. In the meantime a representative castle arrangement had originated in the vis à vis of the cathedral, so that Fulda from the union was joined by pencil district, castle district and civil town. The baroque manifested in stone architecture the Festheit of the faith and solidity of the church in the sacred construction, as well as in middle-class secular buildings. Thus the central axes at whose beginning and end baroque town palaces were established in correspondence with the barockisierten castle arrangement were inserted in the organic forms of the medieval stamped Old Town. The castle garden became according to the model of Pommersfelden, from Maximilian von Welsch invested and now connected in formed manner the castle with the cathedral district in whose middle, instead of the medieval advice done basilica the representative baroque Fuldaer cathedral was established. Many former half-timbered buildings were converted by the Barockisierung in the town „to stone“ cleaning facades. Thus originated a uniform ensemble whose lying underneath annual rings exactly are still to be read, nevertheless. This great tradition gave to Fulda the structured Kleinteiligkeit of a grown organism as well as the formed generosity of a straight planned arrangement in discussion with quite a concrete statement, the value structure of a bishop's seat. Thus Fulda takes middle-class internal-urban construction divided into small pieces and skulpturale, stone architecture which banks the place and calls him with his big tradition. This tradition is an obligation.

tinguished poverty / simplicity with clarifying architecture

The sphere of Fulda and the inside of the civil town is marked by a clarifying "simplicity". In Fulda baroque life-style, at the same time, however, reasonable management embodies itself in adequate structures. This finds in particular in the bourgeois urban architecture his response and in particular in the scanty Rhön his expression in diminished forms limited to the essentials. The row of the demanding architects who maintain her office companies in Fulda and the Rhön have this in many, meanwhile to excellent constructions in Hessen summed up. Still today the architects of the region trouble this clarity and with it also Regionstypik and Identifizierbarkeit. However, at the same time this also means the updating of the values which are reflected in bestecchender functionality and clear expression. The meditation on this tradition means in contrast to the stylish unity architecture and itself more and more slurring humble detailed behaviour a chance for stamping and future-skilful construction.

Town and man-made landscape

Important urban edge town areas were taken away Fulda by the regional reorganisation - Peter's mountain and Künzell. Therefore an administrative dividing line goes through the grown town and separates Fulda from highway and Rhön. This led to structural difficulties of the settlement of trade and the establishment of a special infrastructural basic scaffolding. However, at the same time, however, 24 parts of town were given to Fulda in the form of miraculous villages. These villages are embedded in traditional manner in an agriculturally stamped and at the same time of course grown man-made landscape. If the town planning of the 70s and 80s has carried the growth of the villages with oversized specific land-use areas, now these are rounded, so that the available structures are preserved and are developed softly. Fulda, a town with two sides, a rural one and an urban one. If one wants so to an exemplary, trust-waking basic structure in varied forms and possibilities of utilisation.

Vision / example

In Fulda one argues on firm foundation with the construction. In particular the big and strong tradition demands to argue over and over again first with the location and his needs and to understand available structures in such a way that they are carried in her potentials. If there belongs to it a logical and future-directed infrastructure, planning and politics which flows in sensible traffic planning and carrying infrastructure measures. Besides it is a matter of developing the architectural cores of the districts and the nuclear town in such a way that they stand firm to the settlement forces and attempts from the outside and remain a wide centre of all developments. Now beside measures and projects in the nuclear town the nuclear town is extended in the form of the southern city centre and is developed. Besides, urbane mixtures play the leading role. Aim is to develop Fulda within the scope of his profile and his potentials and to make visible in his uniqueness and to esteem. Internal-urban accommodations like university place and castle area were revalued structurally. Besides argue on different level trading with the quality of architecture and town planning. Creation statute and creation advisory board should originate. Another potential is the river Fulda. To link up him with the town and the Fulda meadow as an internal-urban recreational scenery, to develop the urban core with surrounding man-made landscape like a back degree connecting is an aim which rescues varied attempts.

Cornelia Zuschke
Town construction council member